Before we set out on our journey to the largest country in the world, let’s get some basic facts first (data as of 2014  ). This is the basic information you need to know about Russia, whether you’re planning to visit Russia or you just like to have a quick overview of the country.
General Info about Russia
Capital City: Moscow (Population: 11.5 million)
Biggest Cities: Moscow (11.5m), Saint Petersburg (5m), Novosibirsk (1.5m), Yekaterinburg (1.4m), Nizhny Novgorod (1.3m)
Population: 143 million (World ranking: 9th) 
Languages: Russian (official), 27 other languages are official in various republics inside Russia.
20% of the population in Russia speaks a foreign language.
Most common foreign languages: English, German, French, Turkish.
Russian is spoken by 270 million people worldwide. 
Economy of Russia
Currency: Russian Ruble
Size of Economy: GDP (PPP): $2.5 trillion (World ranking: 6th; Compare: USA: $16 trillion, $Germany: 3.2 trillion) 
GDP per person per year: $18,000 (World ranking: 57th; Compare: USA:$52,000, Germany: $40,000)
Unemployment Rate: 6% (Compare: USA: 7%, Germany: 7%)
Youth Unemployment Rate: 17% (Compare: USA: 15%, Germany: 8%)
Inflation Rate: 7.5% (Compare: USA: 1.5%, Germany: 1.5%)
- Figures are rounded and sometimes averaged from different sources to give a general idea. Accuracy not guaranteed.
- CIA World Factbook,
- 143m (Russia) + 9m (Belarus) + 36m (80% of Ukraine) + 18m (Kazakhstan) + 64m (Other)